The most detailed classification and difference of ceramic tiles

The most detailed classification and difference of ceramic tiles

Home improvement tile classification

First, by product classification:
1. Ceramics, ceramic tiles, floor tiles, wall tiles, floor tiles;

2. Whole body tiles, glazed tiles, and vitrified tiles;

3, imitation stone tiles, imitation wood tiles, imitation jade tiles, imitation cloth tiles, imitation metal;

4, polished crystal tiles, throwing gold tiles, K gold tiles, gold foil tiles, microcrystalline stone,

5, full glaze, ultra flat glaze, diamond, whole body marble

6, polished tile, porcelain throwing tile

7, wood grain tiles,

8, antique bricks, tiles, solid bricks

9, porcelain: floor tiles, wall tiles, flower tiles, flower pieces

Second, by space:

Kitchen tiles, living room tiles, dining room tiles, balcony tiles, bathroom tiles, study tiles, bedroom tiles, wall tiles, stairwell tiles

Third, by function:

Anti-skid tiles, wear-resistant tiles, anti-fouling tiles, high-strength tiles, easy-to-clean tiles, waterproof tiles, oil-resistant tiles, easy-maintaining tiles, scratch-resistant tiles, anti-freeze tiles, non-fading tiles

Engineering tile classification

First, by product classification:

1. Ceramics, ceramic tiles, floor tiles, exterior wall tiles, square tiles, and engineering tiles;

2, whole body tiles, glazed tiles, seepage tiles, dry hanging tiles, split tiles, cultural stone, vitrifiedtiles;

3, imitation stone, imitation wood, imitation jade, imitation cloth, imitation metal;

4, polished crystal tiles, throwing gold tiles, polycrystalline tiles, storm crystal tiles, K gold tiles, thin microcrystals, thick microcrystals;

5, full glaze, ultra flat glaze, diamond, whole body marble

6, polished tiles: Pilates, Brati, polycrystalline, natural stone, line stone, Pilates, Nafuna, ooze, travertine, Sha Anna, Zhongbai, Platinum, Tulip

7, wood grain tile, magnetic wood tile, original ecological wood tile

8, antique tile: monochrome tile, tile, solid tile

9. Porcelain pieces: flower pieces, crystal tiles, convex glazed tiles, ground climbing walls, group painting tiles, oil painting tiles, gold-plated tiles, polished glazed tiles

10. Accessories: waist line, line, skirt line, corner flower;

11, marble tiles, nano tiles, negative ion tiles

Second, by function:

Engineering tiles, engineering project tiles, engineering custom tiles, engineering-designated bricks, engineering-specific tiles, schools, hospitals, parks, hotels, airports, subways, stadiums, high-end commercial projects, office buildings, government agencies, engineering wall tiles, Engineering interior wall tile, engineering exterior wall tile, engineering floor tile, supermarket tile

Advantages and disadvantages of various types of tiles:

Polished tile

This type of brick is pressed with clay and stone powder by press, and then fired. The front and back sides have the same color and no glaze. After burning, the surface is polished, so the front is very smooth. Beautiful, the back is the original face of the brick.

Advantages: After the polishing process, the original stone is polished and bright, and more transparent like a mirror. Using polished tiles can make the entire space look brighter.

Disadvantages: The polishing turn is smooth, so it is not slippery. That is to say, once there is water on the ground, it is very slippery. This is why everyone sees the stone in the building and the stairs are not thrown into the light. But matt, the only way to slip. At the same time, the poor polished brick liquid easily penetrates and is not easy to wipe.

Vitrified tile

The corrugated brick is similar to the polishing, but the production requirements are higher, the press is required to be better, the higher density can be suppressed, and the firing temperature is higher, and the porcelain can be fully ceramicized. Suitable for living rooms, bedrooms, walkways, etc.

Advantages: The corrugated brick is a reinforced polishing turn, and the surface is generally no longer needed to be polished, which is very bright, and can solve the problem that the polished brick is easy to be dirty.

Disadvantages: Polished and vitrified bricks are beautiful because of their bright surface, while they have high abrasion resistance, but they have the disadvantages of single color, easy to be dirty, non-slip and easy to infiltrate with colored liquids. These two bricks are generally large, mainly Used in living rooms, door courts, etc., rarely used in water, kitchens and other places.

Glazed tile

As the name implies, the surface is fired and layered together with glaze. The main body is divided into clay and porcelain clay. The back of the clay is red, called tile. The back of the porcelain clay is grayish white, called ceramic tile. The effect is good, so good bricks are called tiles instead of tiles. About 80% of the current home decoration purchasers choose this brick as the floor decoration material.

Advantages: The surface of the glazed tile can be made into various patterns and patterns, which are richer than the polishing color and pattern. Because the surface is glaze, the wear resistance is not as good as polishing.

Disadvantages: The thermal expansion and contraction are prone to cracking. When the density of the green body is too loose, the sewage of the cement will penetrate into the surface.

Antique tile

Antique bricks are imported from abroad and are essentially glazed porcelain tiles. Antique bricks belong to ordinary tiles, which are basically the same as magnetic sheets. The so-called antiques refer to the effect of bricks, which should be called antique effect tiles.

Advantages: Antique bricks are not difficult to clean. After thousands of tons of hydraulic presses are pressed, they are sintered at a high temperature of thousands of degrees to make them have high strength and strong wear resistance. The carefully developed antique bricks have the characteristics of waterproof, non-slip and corrosion resistance. The antique bricks are used to imitate the old style, attracting people`s attention with the unique charm of the classical. In order to reflect the vicissitudes of the years and the heavy history, the antique bricks create a nostalgic atmosphere through style, color and pattern.

Disadvantages: Do not choose those colors that are easy to date when choosing colors, and the anti-fouling ability is slightly worse than polished tiles.

Full body tile

The full body tile is a kind of unglazed porcelain tile, and the material and color of the front and back sides are consistent, and it has good anti-slip and wear resistance. Most of the "slip-proof bricks" we usually call are all-in-one bricks. The scope of application is widely used in floors such as halls, aisles and outdoor walkways, and is generally used less on walls.

Advantages: The style is simple and affordable, and its hard wear-resistant anti-slip characteristics are especially suitable for laying on balconies, terraces and other areas. After surface polishing, the hardness is lower than that of stone.

Disadvantages: The whole body brick is a kind of wear-resistant brick. Although there are varieties such as oozing flowers and bricks, it is relatively inferior to glazed bricks. Anti-slip testing is also required before purchase.


Mosaic is a special type of brick, which is usually composed of dozens of small bricks and a relatively large brick. Mainly divided into ceramic mosaic, marble mosaic, glass mosaic. Scope It is widely used in indoor small areas, walls and outdoor walls and floors with its small size and colorful color.

Advantages: acid resistance, alkali resistance, wear resistance, no water penetration, strong pressure resistance, not easy to break. The color is soft, simple, elegant, elegant, chemically stable, good in thermal and thermal stability, no discoloration, no dust, light weight and strong adhesion.

Disadvantages: There are too many mosaic gaps, it is easy to dirty and difficult to clean, and the kitchen should avoid using mosaics.

Microcrystalline tile

Microcrystalline stone is called microcrystalline glass ceramic composite board in the line. It is a high-tech product that combines a layer of 3-5mm microcrystalline glass on the surface of ceramic glass fossil and completely integrates it after secondary sintering. The biggest difference between microcrystalline stone and other ceramic tile products is that there is a layer of glass-ceramic on the surface.

Advantages: soft and delicate texture, wide application range (hotel, office building, station airport and other interior and exterior decoration, more suitable for family`s advanced decoration, such as wall, floor, plaque, furniture, washbasin panel, etc.), excellent weather resistance, resistance It is highly polluting.

Disadvantages: low strength, obvious scratches, easy to get dirty

Full polished glazed tile

Full glaze is a special glaze that can be polished on the glaze. It is the last glaze applied to antique bricks. Currently, it is usually a transparent glaze or a transparent convex glaze. The full-glazed glazed tile combines the advantages of polished tiles and antique bricks. The glazed surface is smooth and polished like polished tiles. At the same time, its glazed colors are rich in patterns like antique tiles, and the colors are heavy or beautiful.

Advantages: The pattern is gorgeous, the color is rich, and it can enhance the brightness of the home space and create a bright and atmospheric visual effect.

Disadvantages: Sometimes the advantage is a disadvantage from another point of view, just like a fully polished glazed tile, although its advantage is smooth, but from the safety of living in the family at home, its low degree of slip is a disadvantage. It is.

Ceramic wall tiles

Advantages: Because of its ultra-thin characteristics, when it is pasted, the power required is small, and even if it is not necessary to make the base surface solid, it can be pasted and sturdy. It is this feature that is used to make the wall decoration and change the shape. . The two characteristics of color and shape allow the design to play freely, that is to say, in the process of actual tile construction, Baidu can be modeled, even if the entire tile is not required to be connected to the wall. Will be very strong, this is the biggest benefit of light weight

Disadvantages: But this also determines its weaknesses. Some special occasions cannot be adapted to such decorative materials because the solidity is not enough.

Porcelain space: bathroom and kitchen in home and public places;

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